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Vue v-if and v-for

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1. Overview

In this article, we will learn to use v-if and v-for together in Vue js 3. To learn more about Vue, refer to these articles.

2. Precedence

There are scenarios where you want to use both these two most commonly used directives v-if and v-for in the same element.

In 2.x, when using v-if and v-for on the same element, v-for would take precedence. In 3.x, v-if will always have higher precedence than v-for.

The v-if condition can conditionally render an element or a template fragment based on the truthy-ness of the expression value.

3. Vue v-for directive

We can use the v-for directive to render a list of items based on an array. The v-for directive requires a special syntax as item in items, where items is the source data array and item is an alias for the array element being iterated on:

<script>
export default {
  data() {
  	return {
	    todos: {
                name: 'Send email',
      	        isComplete: true
    	    }
        }
   }
}
</script>

<template>
<li v-for="todo in todos">
    {{ todo.name }}
  </li>
</template>

4. v-for with v-if

While using v-for with v-if, the v-if condition will not have access to variables from the v-for scope:

<!--
This will throw an error because property "todo"
is not defined on instance.
-->
<li v-for="todo in todos" v-if="!todo.isComplete">
  {{ todo.name }}
</li>
v-if and v-for Vue together
v-if and v-for Vue together

However, if you still want to access it within v-if, you can move v-for to a wrapping <template> tag (which is also more explicit):

template

<template v-for="todo in todos">
  <li v-if="!todo.isComplete">
    {{ todo.name }}
  </li>
</template>

4. Conclusion

To sum up, we have learned to use the v-if, v-for directives together.

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